When an appellant has a disability condition such as chronic pain, chronic fatigue, or depression, it is difficult to describe the subjective symptoms that one may experience.
I recently had a case with a client who has Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. This client, let's call him John, was in his late forties and had been unable to work due to his condition for approximately four years. He had gone through a process of elimination with his physicians and specialists to see if there was an alternative illness causing his chronic fatigue which all came up negative.
He was also referred to a Psychiatrist who specialized in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia. The reason why I am blogging about his particular case is due to this medical report
Saying one is simply fatigued does not really describe the condition - and this doctor quoted five variants of fatigue as identified in a recent scholarly article by Jason et al. I did a google search and found a link to this article http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20185398?dopt=Abstract
When presenting a chronic fatigue case to a Review Tribunal it might be helpful to discuss each of these five variants of fatigue. These are some of the examples we used in John's case -
Post-exertional Fatigue - the more that John did, the longer it takes for him to recover, he has to pace himself with his activities, if he does an activity he has to rest after this activity. I often hear clients say if they do something they will "pay" for it later. I think it is probably better to give examples - like how does one "pay" - increased fatigue, increased pain, would be a more appropriate way to describe this.
Brain Fog Fatigue - John described this type of fatigue as being in the "twilight zone" - he was unable to take in information or react to outside stimulus - he talked about how hard it was to him to follow a story line in a book, and how it was difficult to arrange his thoughts. When he was experiencing this type of fatigue he was unable to focus on anything.
Flu-like Fatigue - John described this type of fatigue as that he "just feels ill"
Energy Fatigue - this was described by John as him feeling okay and then something happens to "pull the plug" and he feels his energy draining away. If this happens, his need to rest is immediate.
Wired Fatigue - John described this aspect of fatigue as not really making sense to him in that when he seems to get really really tired, he gets "wired" by which he meant he was hyper - and that this was the hardest aspect of his fatigue to manage.
Some of the other ways that John described his condition was that he was irritable, and that he could not tolerate noise especially in the morning, that he ability to deal with money and numbers is impaired, that more than two people at a time is too stressful for John to manage.
John was successful with his appeal and the Panel considered the following factors - he was credible, he had a strong work history and attachment to the work force, that John's evidence at Review Tribunal gave them a clear idea as to the severity of his condition, that the Panel was impressed with John's diligence to find the appropriate diagnosis and treatment (efforts at mitigation) and that he had pursued treatment options that were recommmended by all the physicians to whom he was referred to, that it was not reasonable for him to try alternative employment (Inclima - if evidence of work capacity) and that his symptoms are unpredictable, which would make regular attendance at a place of employment either difficult or impossible - there was no evidence of functional overlay (ie: malingering, secondary gain).
I hope this helps clients who have any subjective symptoms to understand the importance of trying to quantify these symptoms to help the Panel gain a clear idea of the severity of your condition.